English grammar - Word Types
English grammar is based on the foundation of eight types of words. These types of words each have specific purposes and are used to make up proper sentences. The following is a brief overview of all eight words.
A verb is a word that relays what a particular subject is or does. It is a descriptive word. Some examples of verbs include run, sing, and plays. The verb is considered the “king” of English grammar because it can be used to make a single-word sentence such as “Run!” No other type of word (such as a noun or adjective) can produce a one-word sentence.
A noun is a person, place, or thing. For example, a writer, library, and novel are all nouns.
An adjective compliments the noun in a sentence. It does so by telling us more about the noun. Note this rule is also applicable to noun phrases and pronouns. Essentially the adjective modifies the noun. For example, in the sentence “I ride a small horse,” the adjective is small.
Much like an adjective, an adverb also tells us more about a word. This time, the rule applies to verbs. An example of an adverb in action can be found the sentence “I type fast.” Fast is the adverb in the sentence as it modifies the verb, type.
Pronouns are simply short words that replace a noun. Pronouns can be used in lieu of nouns. Each, some, themselves, you, she, are all examples of pronouns.
The preposition generally precedes a noun or pronoun. It is used to express a relation to another element or word. Before is the preposition in the following sentence: “He arrived after breakfast.”
Conjunctions are used to join two parts of a sentence. Common conjunctions include and, or, nor, for, but, since, unless, and although.
Interjections are also small words. They are essentially short exclamations such as Hi!, Ah!, Um or Ugh! as in Schoolwork Ugh!.